Update time: 2023-01-14


The TCC Mode is a classic flexible transaction solution that needs the users to provided try, confirm, cancel methods. The try, confirm methods will be invoked under normal circumstances,and the try, cancel methods will be invoked as an exception occurs. the confirm method is not required,it entirely depends on the users how to implement the try method. the both confirm and cancel method also need the users to guarantee the idempotency, but it will bring addtional workload to the users. Because after the try method finished, the data had been committed. But with this,the performances will be even better. A good system design is very applicable to the TCC Mode. This is the flow diagram of TCC in Hmily framework as below:

  • In extreme cases, such as sudden service crash, timeout exceptions, and much more, the transaction recovery of the log depends on its own calling task.

  • At the both confirm and cancel stage,if there are any exception occur, the corresponding stage will continue to be executed. If the maximum number of retries is exceeded, the transaction has not succeeded, It will not retry any more, then manual intervention is required at this time.

  • In the case of a service cluster, the users need to do the best to ensure the idempotence of these two methods confirm, cancel.