Quick start with Dubbo

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Update time: 2021-03-06

This document introduces how to quickly access the Soul Gateway using Dubbo. You can get the code example of this document by clicking here.

Environment to prepare

Please refer to the setup and launch soul-admin and soul-bootstrap, In addition, if you use ZooKeeper for Dubbo, you need to download it in advance.

Run the soul-examples-dubbo project

Downloadsoul-examples-dubbo, replace the register address in spring-dubbo.xml with your local zk address, such as:

<dubbo:registry address="zookeeper://localhost:2181"/>

Execute the TestApacheDubboApplication main method to start dubbo project.

The following log appears when the startup is successful:

2021-02-06 20:58:01.807  INFO 3724 --- [pool-2-thread-1] o.d.s.client.common.utils.RegisterUtils  : dubbo client register success: {"appName":"dubbo","contextPath":"/dubbo","path":"/dubbo/insert","pathDesc":"Insert a row of data","rpcType":"dubbo","serviceName":"org.dromara.soul.examples.dubbo.api.service.DubboTestService","methodName":"insert","ruleName":"/dubbo/insert","parameterTypes":"org.dromara.soul.examples.dubbo.api.entity.DubboTest","rpcExt":"{\"group\":\"\",\"version\":\"\",\"loadbalance\":\"random\",\"retries\":2,\"timeout\":10000,\"url\":\"\"}","enabled":true} 
2021-02-06 20:58:01.821  INFO 3724 --- [pool-2-thread-1] o.d.s.client.common.utils.RegisterUtils  : dubbo client register success: {"appName":"dubbo","contextPath":"/dubbo","path":"/dubbo/findAll","pathDesc":"Get all data","rpcType":"dubbo","serviceName":"org.dromara.soul.examples.dubbo.api.service.DubboTestService","methodName":"findAll","ruleName":"/dubbo/findAll","parameterTypes":"","rpcExt":"{\"group\":\"\",\"version\":\"\",\"loadbalance\":\"random\",\"retries\":2,\"timeout\":10000,\"url\":\"\"}","enabled":true} 
2021-02-06 20:58:01.833  INFO 3724 --- [pool-2-thread-1] o.d.s.client.common.utils.RegisterUtils  : dubbo client register success: {"appName":"dubbo","contextPath":"/dubbo","path":"/dubbo/findById","pathDesc":"Query by Id","rpcType":"dubbo","serviceName":"org.dromara.soul.examples.dubbo.api.service.DubboTestService","methodName":"findById","ruleName":"/dubbo/findById","parameterTypes":"java.lang.String","rpcExt":"{\"group\":\"\",\"version\":\"\",\"loadbalance\":\"random\",\"retries\":2,\"timeout\":10000,\"url\":\"\"}","enabled":true} 
2021-02-06 20:58:01.844  INFO 3724 --- [pool-2-thread-1] o.d.s.client.common.utils.RegisterUtils  : dubbo client register success: {"appName":"dubbo","contextPath":"/dubbo","path":"/dubbo/findByListId","pathDesc":"","rpcType":"dubbo","serviceName":"org.dromara.soul.examples.dubbo.api.service.DubboMultiParamService","methodName":"findByListId","ruleName":"/dubbo/findByListId","parameterTypes":"java.util.List","rpcExt":"{\"group\":\"\",\"version\":\"\",\"loadbalance\":\"random\",\"retries\":2,\"timeout\":10000,\"url\":\"\"}","enabled":true} 
2021-02-06 20:58:01.855  INFO 3724 --- [pool-2-thread-1] o.d.s.client.common.utils.RegisterUtils  : dubbo client register success: {"appName":"dubbo","contextPath":"/dubbo","path":"/dubbo/findByIdsAndName","pathDesc":"","rpcType":"dubbo","serviceName":"org.dromara.soul.examples.dubbo.api.service.DubboMultiParamService","methodName":"findByIdsAndName","ruleName":"/dubbo/findByIdsAndName","parameterTypes":"java.util.List,java.lang.String","rpcExt":"{\"group\":\"\",\"version\":\"\",\"loadbalance\":\"random\",\"retries\":2,\"timeout\":10000,\"url\":\"\"}","enabled":true} 
2021-02-06 20:58:01.866  INFO 3724 --- [pool-2-thread-1] o.d.s.client.common.utils.RegisterUtils  : dubbo client register success: {"appName":"dubbo","contextPath":"/dubbo","path":"/dubbo/batchSave","pathDesc":"","rpcType":"dubbo","serviceName":"org.dromara.soul.examples.dubbo.api.service.DubboMultiParamService","methodName":"batchSave","ruleName":"/dubbo/batchSave","parameterTypes":"java.util.List","rpcExt":"{\"group\":\"\",\"version\":\"\",\"loadbalance\":\"random\",\"retries\":2,\"timeout\":10000,\"url\":\"\"}","enabled":true} 
2021-02-06 20:58:01.876  INFO 3724 --- [pool-2-thread-1] o.d.s.client.common.utils.RegisterUtils  : dubbo client register success: {"appName":"dubbo","contextPath":"/dubbo","path":"/dubbo/findByArrayIdsAndName","pathDesc":"","rpcType":"dubbo","serviceName":"org.dromara.soul.examples.dubbo.api.service.DubboMultiParamService","methodName":"findByArrayIdsAndName","ruleName":"/dubbo/findByArrayIdsAndName","parameterTypes":"[Ljava.lang.Integer;,java.lang.String","rpcExt":"{\"group\":\"\",\"version\":\"\",\"loadbalance\":\"random\",\"retries\":2,\"timeout\":10000,\"url\":\"\"}","enabled":true} 
2021-02-06 20:58:01.889  INFO 3724 --- [pool-2-thread-1] o.d.s.client.common.utils.RegisterUtils  : dubbo client register success: {"appName":"dubbo","contextPath":"/dubbo","path":"/dubbo/saveComplexBeanTestAndName","pathDesc":"","rpcType":"dubbo","serviceName":"org.dromara.soul.examples.dubbo.api.service.DubboMultiParamService","methodName":"saveComplexBeanTestAndName","ruleName":"/dubbo/saveComplexBeanTestAndName","parameterTypes":"org.dromara.soul.examples.dubbo.api.entity.ComplexBeanTest,java.lang.String","rpcExt":"{\"group\":\"\",\"version\":\"\",\"loadbalance\":\"random\",\"retries\":2,\"timeout\":10000,\"url\":\"\"}","enabled":true} 
2021-02-06 20:58:01.901  INFO 3724 --- [pool-2-thread-1] o.d.s.client.common.utils.RegisterUtils  : dubbo client register success: {"appName":"dubbo","contextPath":"/dubbo","path":"/dubbo/batchSaveAndNameAndId","pathDesc":"","rpcType":"dubbo","serviceName":"org.dromara.soul.examples.dubbo.api.service.DubboMultiParamService","methodName":"batchSaveAndNameAndId","ruleName":"/dubbo/batchSaveAndNameAndId","parameterTypes":"java.util.List,java.lang.String,java.lang.String","rpcExt":"{\"group\":\"\",\"version\":\"\",\"loadbalance\":\"random\",\"retries\":2,\"timeout\":10000,\"url\":\"\"}","enabled":true} 
2021-02-06 20:58:01.911  INFO 3724 --- [pool-2-thread-1] o.d.s.client.common.utils.RegisterUtils  : dubbo client register success: {"appName":"dubbo","contextPath":"/dubbo","path":"/dubbo/saveComplexBeanTest","pathDesc":"","rpcType":"dubbo","serviceName":"org.dromara.soul.examples.dubbo.api.service.DubboMultiParamService","methodName":"saveComplexBeanTest","ruleName":"/dubbo/saveComplexBeanTest","parameterTypes":"org.dromara.soul.examples.dubbo.api.entity.ComplexBeanTest","rpcExt":"{\"group\":\"\",\"version\":\"\",\"loadbalance\":\"random\",\"retries\":2,\"timeout\":10000,\"url\":\"\"}","enabled":true} 
2021-02-06 20:58:01.922  INFO 3724 --- [pool-2-thread-1] o.d.s.client.common.utils.RegisterUtils  : dubbo client register success: {"appName":"dubbo","contextPath":"/dubbo","path":"/dubbo/findByStringArray","pathDesc":"","rpcType":"dubbo","serviceName":"org.dromara.soul.examples.dubbo.api.service.DubboMultiParamService","methodName":"findByStringArray","ruleName":"/dubbo/findByStringArray","parameterTypes":"[Ljava.lang.String;","rpcExt":"{\"group\":\"\",\"version\":\"\",\"loadbalance\":\"random\",\"retries\":2,\"timeout\":10000,\"url\":\"\"}","enabled":true} 

Dubbo plugin settings

  • first enabled the dubbo plugin in the soul-admin plugin management.
  • then configure your registry address in dubbo.

Testing

The soul-examples-dubbo project will automatically register interface methods annotated with @SoulDubboClient in the soul gateway after successful startup.

Open Plugin Management -> dubbo to see the list of plugin rule configurations

Use PostMan to simulate HTTP to request your Dubbo service

Complex multi-parameter example: The related interface implementation class is org.dromara.soul.examples.apache.dubbo.service.impl.DubboMultiParamServiceImpl#batchSaveAndNameAndId.

@Override
@SoulDubboClient(path = "/batchSaveAndNameAndId")
public DubboTest batchSaveAndNameAndId(List<DubboTest> dubboTestList, String id, String name) {
    DubboTest test = new DubboTest();
    test.setId(id);
    test.setName("hello world soul apache dubbo param batchSaveAndNameAndId :" + name + ":" + dubboTestList.stream().map(DubboTest::getName).collect(Collectors.joining("-")));
    return test;
}

When your arguments do not match, the following exception will occur:

2021-02-07 22:24:04.015 ERROR 14860 --- [:20888-thread-3] o.d.soul.web.handler.GlobalErrorHandler  : [e47b2a2a] Resolved [SoulException: org.apache.dubbo.remoting.RemotingException: java.lang.IllegalArgumentException: args.length != types.length
java.lang.IllegalArgumentException: args.length != types.length
    at org.apache.dubbo.common.utils.PojoUtils.realize(PojoUtils.java:91)
    at org.apache.dubbo.rpc.filter.GenericFilter.invoke(GenericFilter.java:82)
    at org.apache.dubbo.rpc.protocol.ProtocolFilterWrapper$1.invoke(ProtocolFilterWrapper.java:81)
    at org.apache.dubbo.rpc.filter.ClassLoaderFilter.invoke(ClassLoaderFilter.java:38)
    at org.apache.dubbo.rpc.protocol.ProtocolFilterWrapper$1.invoke(ProtocolFilterWrapper.java:81)
    at org.apache.dubbo.rpc.filter.EchoFilter.invoke(EchoFilter.java:41)
    at org.apache.dubbo.rpc.protocol.ProtocolFilterWrapper$1.invoke(ProtocolFilterWrapper.java:81)
    at org.apache.dubbo.rpc.protocol.dubbo.DubboProtocol$1.reply(DubboProtocol.java:150)
    at org.apache.dubbo.remoting.exchange.support.header.HeaderExchangeHandler.handleRequest(HeaderExchangeHandler.java:100)
    at org.apache.dubbo.remoting.exchange.support.header.HeaderExchangeHandler.received(HeaderExchangeHandler.java:175)
    at org.apache.dubbo.remoting.transport.DecodeHandler.received(DecodeHandler.java:51)
    at org.apache.dubbo.remoting.transport.dispatcher.ChannelEventRunnable.run(ChannelEventRunnable.java:57)
    at java.util.concurrent.ThreadPoolExecutor.runWorker(ThreadPoolExecutor.java:1149)
    at java.util.concurrent.ThreadPoolExecutor$Worker.run(ThreadPoolExecutor.java:624)
    at java.lang.Thread.run(Thread.java:748)
] for HTTP POST /dubbo/batchSaveAndNameAndId